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First polio case since 2013 in U.S. reported in New York state

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New York state well being officers on Thursday reported a polio case, the primary within the U.S. in almost a decade.

Officers didn’t instantly provide particulars on who the Rockland County resident was, whether or not the particular person was vaccinated or their present situation.

State officers stated it appeared the particular person had a vaccine-derived pressure of the virus, maybe from somebody who acquired stay vaccine — obtainable in different international locations, however not the U.S. — and unfold it.

Polio was as soon as one of many nation’s most feared illnesses, with annual outbreaks inflicting hundreds of instances of paralysis — lots of them in youngsters.

Vaccines grew to become obtainable beginning in 1955, and nationwide vaccination marketing campaign reduce the annual variety of instances to lower than 100 within the Nineteen Sixties and fewer than 10 within the Seventies, based on the CDC.

In 1979, polio was declared eradicated within the U.S., that means there was not routine unfold of the virus within the nation. Not often, vacationers with polio have introduced infections into the U.S., with the last such case in 2013.

U.S. youngsters are nonetheless routinely vaccinated in opposition to polio. Federal officers advocate 4 doses to be given on the following intervals: two months of age, 4 months, at six to 18 months and at age 4 by means of six years. Some states require solely three doses.

In line with the CDC’s most up-to-date childhood vaccination information, about 93% of 2-year-olds had obtained at the least three doses of polio vaccine.

Polio spreads largely from individual to individual or by means of contaminated water. It could actually infect an individual’s spinal twine, inflicting paralysis and probably everlasting incapacity and dying. The illness largely impacts youngsters.

Polio is endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan, though quite a few international locations in Africa, the Center East and Asia have additionally reported instances lately.

Final month, well being officers in Britain warned mother and father to verify their youngsters have been vaccinated after the polio virus was present in London sewage samples. No instances of paralysis have been reported.

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